The ban on overtaking does not mean that we cannot pass anyone. There are exceptions

Overtaking, as defined in the Highway Code, is driving or passing a vehicle or road user in the same direction. Overtaking is permitted on single-lane and multi-lane roads. Overtaking is different from an evasive maneuver involving a stationary vehicle.

The B-25 sign placed on the road means that the driver should not overtake in the near future. Its exact definition is as follows:

In order to understand the essence of this sign, it is necessary to know the definitions of both a motor vehicle and a multi-lane motor vehicle.

A motor vehicle, as defined in the Highway Traffic Act, is a vehicle equipped with a motor, with the exception of: mopeds, railway vehicles, bicycles, bicycle trolleys, electric scooters, personal transport devices and wheelchairs . This means that after passing the B-25 sign, the driver can overtake, for example, a bicycle or a tram.

However, he cannot pass, for example, a tractor or an excavator, even if he considers them to be slow vehicles. The B-25 sign is installed at places where the overtaking maneuver creates a threat to other road users. The reasons can be different, for example the visibility is limited at that place, the road is narrowed or the road administrator wants to reduce the noise or the speed of cars passing by a certain place.

However, the overtaking ban does not always apply to all vehicles. Sometimes the road administrator applies exemptions for specific vehicles by placing a T-23 plate under the B-25 panel. The designation appears in versions “a” to “j”. The sign indicates that the vehicle is not allowed to overtake except for the vehicle shown in the illustration. When the B-25 sign is combined with the T-23a plate, it means the ban only applies to motorcycles.

The no overtaking sign has yet another variant. The B-26 sign means that trucks with a total weight of more than 3.5 tons are prohibited from passing multi-lane motor vehicles. No overtaking signs (B-25 and B-26) will cease to be applied until further notice by sign B-27, B -28, B -42 or at the intersection.

Drivers should remember that on the road the prohibition to overtake is also determined by horizontal signs: P-2 (single continuous) or P-4 (double continuous). In addition, overtaking is prohibited in many other situations and does not require a sign. In accordance with art. 24 sec. 7 of the Highway Code, the legislator precisely indicates the list of places where overtaking is prohibited:

  • reaching the top of the hill,
  • bend marked with warning signs,
  • an intersection, other than a circular or directed intersection,
  • bike ride and just ahead,
  • pedestrian crossing and directly in front of it,
  • level crossings and just ahead,
  • passage of the tram and just in front,
  • pass an emergency vehicle in a built-up area.

For violating the ban on overtaking established by the B-25 sign, a fine of 300 PLN and 5 penalty points is provided. The tariff also provides for several other overrun violations:

  • violation of the ban on overtaking on bicycle crossings and directly in front of them – 200 PLN and 10 penalty points,
  • violation of the ban on overtaking when reaching the top of the hill – 300 PLN and 5 penalty points,
  • violation of the ban on overtaking in bends marked with warning signs – 300 PLN and 5 penalty points,
  • violation of the ban on overtaking at intersections – 300 PLN and 5 penalty points,
  • violation of the ban on overtaking at level crossings and directly in front of them – 300 PLN and 5 penalty points,
  • violation of the ban on overtaking at level crossings and directly in front of them – 300 PLN and 5 penalty points,
  • overtaking a favored vehicle in a built-up area – 300 PLN and 3 penalty points.

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