National reconstruction plan. What will the billions of euros be used for?

The document we reviewed itself is 239 pages. By way of comparison, the National Reconstruction Plan for Italy has 566 pages, for Slovakia 186 pages and for Spain 275 pages.

Polish national reconstruction plan approved

Investments and so-called milestones (i.e. the reforms that each country must undertake to receive funding from Brussels) have been grouped into several thematic “challenges”.

So we have an area, that is: Resilience and competitiveness of the economy; Green energy and reduction of energy intensity; digital transformation; Efficiency, availability and quality of the health system; Green and smart mobility.

There’s a part for that to agree (non-refundable grants) i ready. In the case of Poland, it amounts to 23.9 billion euros and 11.5 billion euros respectively. So much for the general. Let’s take a look at KPO in terms of specific projects.

For many years, cardiovascular diseases and cancer have been the main causes of death in Poland. It is therefore not surprising that in KPO oncology and cardiology a lot of space has been devoted. Moreover, after the pandemic, the problem got even worse. From 2022, the provisions on the national oncology network should come into force. On the other hand, the national cardiology network should start in 2024.

Particular emphasis will be placed on the digitization of medical records. By 2024, the digital medical records center should be fully operational. It was also assumed that by 2025 30 percent. types of medical records should take digital form. A year later – already 60 percent.

By 2026 (i.e. until the KPO needs to be settled), 30%. care providers will have access to such a database and will be equipped with decision support solutions based on artificial intelligence. Will these solutions reduce bureaucracy and relieve doctors, so they can spend more time with patients? We will know soon.

It’s also in the plans increase the availability of paid medical courses for students who need to receive loan assistance for the duration of their studies (9947 people by 2026).

Let’s start with cities with at least 100,000 inhabitants. residents. Those with the worst air conditions must enter mandatory low-emission transport zones (2024). Later this year, regulations requiring cities with more than 100,000 residents are expected to come into effect. residents to buy only low and zero emission buses.

By 2026, there will be 1,738 new low-emission and zero-emission buses on Polish roads.

However, by 2026 at least 100% market share is expected to increase zero emission vehicles.

By 2024, a registration fee for thermal vehicles will also appear, in accordance with the “polluter pays” principle. In addition, another fee for the owner of an internal combustion engine car is to come in by 2026.

A toll system is to be introduced on a 1,400 km stretch of new roads – motorways and expressways.

What does KPO plan to reduce dependence on fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas) and instead shift the economy towards clean sources?

One of the key points is thermomodernization of residential buildings (houses and apartment buildings). This transformation is expected to take place by 2026 more than 700 thousand buildings, 322 schools and 85 public buildings such as libraries and community centers.

Money must also be spent on research and development hydrogen technology in the transports.

With regard to the development of renewable energy sources, this by the end of 2023, Poland is expected to have 18 gigawatts of onshore wind and solar PV capacity, by the end of 2024 – 20 gigawatts, and by mid-2026 – a total of 23.5 gigawatts.

For the construction of offshore wind farms, first an installation terminal is needed – it must be built by 2025, then a terminal for the maintenance of the already operational parks (in Łeba and Ustka) by 2026.

The total capacity of offshore wind farms is expected to be 1.5 gigawatts by 2026.

According to KPO records, By 2025, Poland wants to send its first satellite into orbit. A year later, three others will join the first who will pave the way.

It is hard to imagine the digital transformation, symbolized by the first Polish satellite in space, without high-speed internet. Dao in 2026 another 931 thousand. households is to access a broadband network with a capacity of at least 100 Mb/s (with the possibility of later acceleration to 1 Gb/s).

Bartosz Bednarz

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