Most people dream of having their own house with a beautiful garden. It cannot be denied, however, that this is a serious financial and logistical challenge. Before the dream becomes a reality, you need to buy land, secure funds for materials and labor, and decide on a single-family home design. Investors most often choose between two options: a one-story house or a two-story house. This choice seems simple only in appearance. When making the decision, many important questions need to be answered, including: What factors determine the choice of house type? What are the advantages and disadvantages of one-story house designs? For whom is a one-story house the best choice? Does it cost less to build a one-story house than to build a two-story house?
A one-story house and a two-story house
Par terre in French means: on the ground, connected to the ground, placed on the ground, closer to the ground, directly connected to the ground. One-story houses are one-story buildings without interior stairs. All rooms in such a house are located on one level. Two-story houses, often called two-story houses, are actually houses with a ground floor and a convertible attic. A characteristic feature of such houses are the slopes on the second level. Communication between the lower and upper parts of the house requires the construction of stairs.
What factors determine the choice of the type of house?
The decision to choose a house project must be preceded by an analysis of the following factors:
One-story houses occupy more land area than two-story houses with the same usable area. With the current prices of building land, this is of great importance. The optimal area of \u200b\u200bthe plot in the city is about 600-1000 m2, and in the suburbs – 1500 m2. For investors, the shape of the land, the slope and the type of land are also important.
The conditions specified in the local development plan
When purchasing land, check the development requirements specified in local plans. They are available at municipal or municipal offices. The Local Development Plan can be a serious obstacle to building a one-story house. The plan specifies in particular:
- drawing of the construction line,
- type of roof (for example, sloping with a specific angle of inclination),
- color of the roof or facade,
- the location of the building in relation to the directions of the world,
- percentage of biologically active area.
Among the previous ones, the one that determines the type of roofing is particular. If we plan a one-story house with a large usable area, the roof with a slope of 35-40% can be difficult and very expensive. It is also important to record the percentage of biologically active area. This is the part of the plot that cannot be developed. Taking into account the above restrictions and others resulting from the building law, for example the distance from the tree line or the border of the neighboring plot, it may turn out that a one-storey house of the size we planned cannot be erected on given plot.
Personal preferences and needs of the investor
This condition has a decisive impact on the feeling of comfort – the house must above all be functional, so the design must take into account the family, health and other needs of future users.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of one-story houses?
One-story houses are characterized by an arrangement of rooms on one level. Even if there is a defect with one or two steps between the day and night areas, the whole is treated as a single floor. Thanks to this layout of the rooms, we do not have to invest in the construction of stairs. The absence of stairs is a factor that promotes tight acoustic insulation between areas or individual rooms. In multi-storey houses, the sound insulation of the stairs is difficult, it requires the installation of interior doors separating the stairs from the living room or bedrooms located on the ground floor. This is an expensive solution that harms the aesthetics of the interior. Single-story layout allows you to create safe conditions for small children. The stairs of two-story houses are the scene of many accidents – they must be secured with barriers and constantly supervise children going up and down. The ground floor is also the best solution for sick or elderly people who have mobility problems. One-level communication is also the best architectural option for people in wheelchairs. Another advantage, considered by many to be the most important, is the possibility of full integration of a one-story house with its surroundings. Single-storey houses fit perfectly into gardens. Sometimes it is difficult to grasp the boundary that separates a building from green spaces. This impression is further enhanced by modern architectural solutions, which favor the installation of panoramic windows with a height from the ceiling to the floor in all rooms and sliding or folding glass patio doors. Thanks to the use of glazing, the house is additionally illuminated. The biggest drawback of one-story houses is the need to build many corridors in the case of an area larger than 150 m2. In single-storey houses, it is also difficult to plan the layout of the rooms so that each of them has a window. If the project calls for a square or rectangular house, be aware that some rooms in the central part of the house will be windowless. It is worth providing in it a pantry, laundry room, bathroom and toilet. You can also decide to build a house with an ear layout. In the atrium, it is possible to build a swimming pool and to arrange an interior garden. An interesting solution is also to cover the atrium with a glass roof. In this way, the interior of the house is illuminated, and the room can be used as an orangery.
For whom is a one-story house the best choice?
A one-story house is the best solution for:
- Families With Young Children,
- Elderly, sick and physically disabled people,
- Lovers of close contact with nature,
- Investors planning to build a second floor in the future when their family circumstances change.
Costs of building a one-story house and a two-story house
Comparing the construction costs of two houses with the same floor space is relatively simple. A one-story house takes more funds for the foundation and the roof. On the other hand, the construction of a two-storey house generates higher costs due to the longer duration of the construction works, which is of great importance given the current very high costs of employment. of specialists. Therefore, it can be concluded that the construction costs of both types of houses are similar.