Will the EU ban gas cookers? We check if there is something to worry about and what are the alternatives

“End date for ‘stand-alone’ fossil fuel boilers to be introduced by 2029” – we read in the communication from the European Commission. Gas is also a fossil fuel. As money.pl explains Izabela Zygmunt, who at the European Commission’s representation in Poland deals with the economy as well as energy and climate policy, This means that from 2029 a ban on the placing on the market would come into force, i.e. to put it simply: sale, also of gas stoves. It will happen if these proposals go through the entire legislative path in Brussels. For now, these are just ideas, but they are so surprising that they already evoke great emotions.

Who are they supposed to affect? We will be able to provide a detailed answer to this question once the EU presents the details. For now, we know that the EU wants to tighten the requirements for heating buildings and hence the proposal to ban the sale of gas stoves in the near future.

More gas stoves? What Brussels would like

Three dates are on the horizon: 2025 – then Brussels would like the end of subsidies for heating appliances using fossil fuels in EU countries, including Poland. Of By 2029, the aforementioned ban on the sale of stoves using these fuels, including gas stoves, would come into effect. However, from 2030, the changes would apply to all new homes.

From 2030, there would be a requirement that all new homes be zero-emissions, meaning no fossil fuel boilers and in this regard, the legislative process has already begun – says Izabela Zygmunt in an interview with money.pl.

As he explains, when it comes to renovated homes, the EU is not proposing that every renovation should lead to a zero-emission building, but it would like to persuade member states to strongly promote so-called deep renovation, which from 2030 would mean bringing the building to the aforementioned zero emissions. A house, or more broadly – a building – zero emissions is a house that does not emit carbon dioxide and is powered by clean energy from renewable sources.

In summary: if the proposals we write about do indeed come into force and become binding regulations, they will apply to builders of new homes and perhaps to those carrying out major renovations, including thermal modernization.

The rest of the article below the video

See also: Russia cut off gas in Poland. We will manage? “We thank ourselves for the deliveries”

Why the EU no longer likes gas

Why was the gas censored, since until recently it was treated by the EU as a transitional fuel in the process of transformation, that is to say the transition from “dirty sources of energy like coal to “clean” sources like the sun or the wind? Everything changed because of the war in Ukraine. Europe wants to become independent from Russian gas as soon as possible, so the EU which was planning to move away from coal by using natural gas, they can stay longer with coal in the current situation, but then quickly switch to renewable energy sources.

The decisions of Brussels obviously have real consequences. Mr Michał tells money.pl that six years ago he bought an apartment in a building from 2007 in Piaseczno. The community is already in trouble as turbo gas boilers have been installed in the buildings. Their production has already been banned by the EU. Thus, if the boiler currently installed in the building fails in a few years, it will most likely have to be replaced with another device. Meanwhile, the chimneys of this type of boilers are not suitable for use with newer heating sources, for example condensing boilers, so they would require rebuilding. Dear.

It is impossible to replace the fireplace inserts without forging in the apartments, and if the administration intervenes in the apartments, it must restore them to the state before the work, which implies for example to put back the tiles, etc. . Not to mention that replacing cartridges around the estate is an investment of hundreds of thousands of zlotys – says the resident of Piaseczno.

According to him, the inhabitants of housing estates now have clocks in front of their eyes. – If not in a few years, then in some time we will face a serious challenge and probably at this stage no one is able to say how to deal with it – adds Michał.

How to heat the house – what alternatives the market offers today

Suppose the EU follows the path laid out in the proposals and constantly puts pressure on the Member States – directly, i.e. through regulation, or indirectly, i.e. by “promoting deep modernization “, so that countries abandon not only coal, but also oil and gas boilers. If not coal or gas boilers, which ones? What does the market offer today?

First, heat pumps. The industry focused around these devices is particularly fond of the direction in which the Union wants to go. But even now, he doesn’t complain about the lack of customer interest.

According to estimates by the Polish Organization for the Development of Heat Pump Technology (PORT PC), in 2021 the entire Polish market for these devices grew by 66%, and heat pumps for heating buildings more than 80 percent

Radosław Gawlik, president of the environmental association EKO-UNIA, believes that there is no turning back. He predicts that heat pumps will be the most popular in our country. It also recalls that the Union’s strategy is to significantly increase the number of these devices throughout the Community within five years and considers pumps to be a key technology in the field of heating. Gawlik also has an idea to make them more affordable.

The government could invest in a heat pump plant or allocate a subsidy to a similar private sector company, provided that it reduces prices and, for example, a heat pump would cost no more than 10 thousand. zloty. This would lower prices and increase competition in the market – says Radosław Gawlik in an interview with money.pl.

Photovoltaic panels and infrared heating films

For some, photovoltaic panels are an expensive electricity recipe, but they can also be an expensive heating recipe. Although they will not directly heat our house, but the energy they generate can support electric heating. According to estimates, by 2025 up to 420,000 units are to be installed in Poland. tons of panels.

The State has already entered into this subject. More than PLN 870 million from EU funds will be allocated to support citizens under the “My Electricity” photovoltaic promotion program. Under the fourth edition of the program, beneficiaries can receive a grant of up to 20.5 thousand. zloty.

However, it should be remembered that the accounting rules have changed since April. New prosumers (people who simultaneously consume and produce electricity from renewable energy sources) will be charged based on how much energy they put into the grid, not how much they have consumed so far. Prosumers must sell the excess energy injected into the grid and they will pay for the energy consumed in the same way as other consumers.

The Ministry of Climate and Environment indicated at the beginning of the year that it was in line with the initial assumptions in 2030, there would be 1 million prosumers in Poland. There are already more than 740,000, with the millionth installation expected to launch next year.

Among the technologies that can help to give up gas heating, there are also infrared heating films. The advantages of this solution include: the fact that the materials are readily available and less expensive than other devices.

But the choice of the device or system with which we will heat the house is not enough. Jerzy Żurawski, chairman of the Lower Silesian Energy and Environment Agency, highlights a key issue in an interview with money.pl. As he says the basis of discussions on heating costs is a good thermal modernization of the building.

People often invest in heating systems, buy expensive radiators, but don’t realize that if they don’t have well-insulated walls and well-chosen, tight windows, all of this can’t help. Through the windows themselves, heat losses can reach 35%. – emphasizes Jerzy Żurawski.

Malwina Gadawa, money.pl journalist

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