Will the farms of the future produce low-carbon hydrogen?

The Polish farms of the future will have room for the production of practically zero-emission hydrogen thanks to special reactors powered by biomass. With the right amount of biomass, the farms of the future will be able to produce up to 300 kg of green hydrogen, which will power heavy agricultural equipment or can be resold.

Hydrogen will replace natural gas by providing backup capacity to renewable energy sources and supporting the development of photovoltaics (PV) and wind power. Hydrogen production is expected to increase to 300 million tonnes in 2050, most of which will be environmentally friendly low-emission hydrogen.

Poland has technological, scientific and research potential in the field of modern low-emission hydrogen technologies. Polish researchers want to use this fuel not only in transport, the steel industry, but also in the production of fertilizers and methanol.

Low-carbon hydrogen, green or blue hydrogen, is being promoted intensively. However, it still remains a niche energy fuel, but that should change soon.

Low emission hydrogen without CO production2

Global Hydrogen has developed an innovative process to convert natural gas/methane into green hydrogen without producing CO2.

The patented process requires much less energy (<33 kWh / kg H2) than water electrolysis and other high-temperature plasma-based methane decomposition technologies.

An additional product created during this process is valuable high quality graphene-grade nanocarbon.

The reactor, mPowerH2-300, will require around 5 tonnes of biomass per day to produce enough clean green syngas to separate around 300 kg of green hydrogen per day. The exact amount of biomass will depend on the caloric value of the biomass. The point of reference here is the energy value of typical wood chips – underlines Dr. Janusz Przeorek, the world’s leading hydrogen expert.

Since the reactor design required for this process is small, hydrogen production can take place in 20 or 40 foot containers on site along gas pipelines. This is a huge benefit, eliminating costly hydrogen transport infrastructure and accelerating the delivery of diffused hydrogen to market.

MPower GT Hydrogen is “green” because the process does not produce carbon dioxide and all of the carbon originally contained in the methane (CH4) molecule is effectively sequestered as pure, high quality graphene nanocarbon. However, will it be possible to implement it in Polish conditions?

Can this technology be used in the Polish agricultural sector?

As Dr. Janusz Przeorek, an expert from Global Hydrogen, pointed out, every biomass is a potential fuel for the process – from commercially available biomass to waste biomass. The prerequisite is the correct preparation of the biomass (grinding, pressing, stabilization with a binder, etc.) so that it can be introduced into the feeder of the installation, i.e. suitable physical properties, such as than maximum size or humidity.

If the farm generates a solid source of biomass, it can be used for the syngas generation process, i.e. H.2/WHAT. The fuel gas, CO, can be used, if necessary, for further drying of the biomass, and the extracted hydrogen can be used to power heavier equipment, for example forklifts or for sale to the industry as the hydrogen economy develops – notes Dr. Janusz Przeorek, Global Hydrogen Expert.

What biomass did they convert into green hydrogen?

– If we were talking about “power”, that is to say energy production in cogeneration, it would have to be compared to the energy value of such a mobile reactor, the same quantity of green gas from directed synthesis to the generator for the so-called high production – efficient cogeneration would produce about 200 kWh of electricity and about 400-500 kWh of heat – underlines Dr. Janusz Przeorek, world expert in hydrogen.

Since the gasification process is a self-contained process, i.e. it does not require the input of additional energy (apart from the “biomass fuel” itself) and, moreover, , gasification as such is the most efficient fuel-energy conversion process, the reactor efficiency will be very high and competitive with the process of obtaining green hydrogen from the electrolysis of the water that requires renewable energy from wind and solar farms.

As the global hydrogen expert adds, process efficiency will be further ensured by the self-contained green syngas purification process in the unique catalytic plasma SynGen Rekator.

– It has a compact size and eliminates the traditional gas cleaning line of tars and all organic pollutants. The breakthrough of the reactor is that, instead of “cleaning” the process gases, it converts all tars and organic pollutants into clean, green syngas H2/ CO, which ensures outstanding process stability – he summarizes and adds – The expected price of the complete installation of mPowerH2-300 is less than 9 million PLN.

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