The European Commission wants to introduce a ban on fossil fuel carbon dioxide emissions from sources installed in the building, i.e. coal, oil or gas stoves. The ban would apply from 2027 for new buildings and from 2030 for modernized buildings.
- The European Commission wants to introduce a total ban on the sale of eco-pea coal, oil and gas boilers also with regard to these greener solutions, for example condensing boilers from 2030.
- Plans announced under RePower Eu also foresee that EU member states will stop subsidizing fossil fuel boilers, i.e. coal, eco-pea coal, oil and gas used in buildings, from 2025.
- The European Union also wants to introduce the obligation to install photovoltaics in new homes from 2029.
EU ‘Fit for 55’ package of legal acts assumes reduction of CO emissions2 up to 55 percent by 2030. The European Commission wants to introduce a ban on carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels from sources installed in the building, i.e. coal, oil or gas stoves. gas. According to EU announcements, the ban would apply from 2027 for new buildings and from 2030 for modernized buildings.
Sales ban and no subsidies for gas and oil condensing boilers?
The European Commission has also announced that it will set stricter ecodesign limits for gas and oil heating, and additionally wants to ban the sale of new fossil fuel boilers in the EU (i.e. also say in Poland) by the end of 2029. This means that the European Union wants to introduce a total ban on the sale of eco-pea coal, oil and gas boilers, also with regard to greener solutions , for example condensing boilers from 2030.
Plans announced under RePower Eu also foresee that EU member states will stop subsidizing fossil fuel boilers, i.e. coal, eco-pea coal, oil and gas used in buildings from 2025, and not as planned from 2027.
In addition, the European Commission will also present new ecodesign and energy labeling requirements for solar panels and verify existing ecodesign requirements for heat pumps.
The European Commission’s proposals will be discussed by the European Parliament and the European Council, which then negotiate the final form of the regulation and vote by majority.
– For now, these are only plans, while in Poland anti-smog resolutions are already in force, adopted by the voivodship assemblies. They set the date for mandatory replacement of a boiler of a class lower than 3.4 or 5, or introduce the obligation to use only heaters with an ecodesign certificate – explains Adam Krajewski from Vosti.
In Poland, it is already necessary to replace the old smokehouse with coal
Anti-smog resolutions generally impose obligations on the inhabitants of a given region (determined by the local government) regarding the sources of heat used and the installation of heating systems only in new buildings.
Local governments can also impose a total ban on the use of the most emitting types of solid fuel stoves and boilers. Anti-smog resolutions can also introduce a selective order of use of certain fuels and prohibit the use of fuels such as coal or wood.
From 2022, in the Śląskie and Podkarpackie voivodships, it is forbidden to use stoves without a nameplate or simply older than 10 years.
Until the end of 2022, the timing of the replacement of smoke ash is the Małopolskie, Mazowieckie and Łódzkie voivodships. Until July 1, 2023, the time for replacement of the soot cup is in the province of Świętokrzyskie, and by the end of 2024, the time for replacement of the soaker is in the provinces of Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Lubelskie, Wielkopolskie and Zachodniopomorskie.
In addition, in the Dolnośląskie Voivodeship, the ban on lighting in the soot of a smelt will apply from July 1, 2024. In the Pomeranian Voivodeship, this ban will come into force on September 1, 2024. Residents from the Lubuskie Voivodeship have the most time to replace the old stove – they have to do it by the end of 2026.
Those who do not meet the black coat replacement dates face a fine of up to 5,000 zloty.
– We are already seeing a significant increase in interest in heat pumps. When the heat pump is powered by a solar photovoltaic system, operation is not only free, but also completely emission-free! This solution is much safer, cheaper and more environmentally friendly than gas or oil boilers or other electric systems. – says Adam Krajewski from Vosti.
What grants will you use to replace the old smoke?
Tools that can facilitate investments in a heat pump are grant programs, such as Clean Air. It is a national financial support program for single-family buildings that will undergo thermal modernization processes alongside the modernization of the heating system.
Currently, as part of the changes introduced by the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management, from January 25, 2022, investors in the Clean Air program will be able to receive support of up to PLN 69,000. This is co-financing of up to PLN 36,000 (90% of eligible costs) for the purchase of a heat pump and photovoltaic panels.
The Moje Ciepła program is dedicated to new construction, the co-financing of heat pumps here is from 7 to 21 thousand. PLN depending on the pump purchased and installed.
Should the Poles be forced to replace the heat source with a more ecological one?
It turns out that the key factor in this case is the economy. With more expensive coal or gas prices, compatriots are looking for solutions that will be optimal not only for purchase, but also for further use, in this case the heat pump fully meets these assumptions.
Compulsory photovoltaics in every home from 2029?
It should also be noted that the European Commission presented the REPower EU plan some time ago, which provides for the obligation to install photovoltaic panels on public and commercial buildings, and even homes.
From 2026, the installation of photovoltaic will be compulsory in all new public and commercial facilities with a useful surface area greater than 250 m2.
From 2027, the obligation is to cover existing public and commercial buildings with a floor area of more than 250 m2. However, from 2029, the obligation to install photovoltaics concerns all new homes.