Gas furnaces have broken popularity records in recent years. The old “smokes” became obsolete, and gas was to save Europe from toxic coal… However, expensive gas, expensive coal and other energy resources showed that the European Union in its green transformation s is transformed into a corner. However, it goes further and prepares a ban on installing not only coal or oil stoves, but also gas stoves.
EU climate policy, the famous Fit for 55 package aimed at reducing CO2 emissions by 55%. by 2030, assumes the establishment a ban on development in new constructions not only coal or oil stoves, but also gas stoves. And this is already from 2027 in the case of new houses and from 2030 in the case of modernized (completely renovated) houses.
Gas stoves have become a popular alternative in the anti-soot crusade. Under the “Clean Air” program implemented in Poland, more than 388,000 jobs have been replaced to date. heat sources. The most popular were gas boilers (42% of all applications).
It is estimated that in 2021 there were more than 410,000 jobs in Poland. gas boilers. The market is practically dominated by wall-mounted gas boilers, which were more than 397,000. And only in a year did their number increase by 63,000.
The industry was booming from around 2018, there were even queues for furnace replacement. All thanks to local anti-smog resolutions – oven replacement in Śląskie and Podkarpackie provinces was a necessity to avoid high fines. Today, the industry is concerned about the future.
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Heating without coal or gas? Heat pump power
In January 2022, Polska Spółka Gazownictwa announced that in 2022 and 2023 it would not connect new customers to the network. This was seen as an opportunity to increase the popularity of alternatives to mains gas, for example liquefied gas boilers or heat pumps, but for economic reasons, i.e. fuel prices higher electricity and the need to carry out a deep thermal modernization in a short time, it will not be so simple. In the end, PSG secured funds for new connections in 2022 and 2023.
Currently, there are no cheap heating methods – we are struggling with record coal prices, and there are also availability issues. Gas prices have also increased significantly year on year and will be even more expensive. We also don’t know if there will be enough. Investments in energy efficiency, in turn, are not cheap, but in the case of thermo-modernization of the house, you can enjoy tax relief in the amount of PLN 53,000. zloty.
Perhaps the best solution, and this is certainly the direction of EU climate policy, would be a heat pump combined with photovoltaics. Under the program “My heat” you can get up to 21 thousand. PLN subsidy for a heat pump. Unfortunately, this is only a solution for new homes.
In large cities, it is possible to connect the house to the municipal heating network. However, this will not always be possible for technical or urban reasons. District heating will also become more expensive and heating plants face a financially difficult heating season – many could go bankrupt.
People who heat their homes with gas will be able to use it even after 2027, provided that the installation was installed earlier. It is unclear if and when the European Union will introduce a complete ban on the use of gas boilers. However, the EU’s RePowerEU package assumes that after 2029 gas cookers will no longer be sold in the European Union. Thus, the problem most often concerns people who intend to embark on the construction of a house or carry out a major renovation.
“Poland will have to face the challenges posed by the European Union, as well as those posed by the geopolitical situation. – We can use the transitional period until the ban on the purchase of new fossil fuel heating installations for the development of the market for sustainable sources, such as heat pumps and collectors. From the point of view of the industry, this is a challenge, but also an opportunity which can be used to increase the pump production in Poland,” notes Magdalena Maj, head of the climate and energy team at the Polish Economic Institute.
Farewell to “smokers”
Residents of the provinces of Łódzkie, Małopolskie and Mazowieckie should increasingly think about replacing the old coal oven. From January 1, 2023, the use of “soot” will be prohibited. Residents of Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship have more time – until July 2023.
From January 1, 2024, old stoves must be decommissioned in the following voivodeships: Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Lubelskie, Wielkopolskie, Zachodniopomorskie. Until July 1, 2024, time has the province. Dolnośląskie, and from 1 September 2024 the changes will also apply to the Pomeranian Voivodeship. The inhabitants of the voivodeship will be the last to get rid of “kopciuchów” – they have until January 1, 2027.
The Polish Smog Alert report shows that since 2014 around 850,000 people have already disappeared from Polish homes. “Kopciuchow”. That’s a lot, but they’re still used by 3 million homes. The number of old coal-fired boilers is estimated at just over 2 million.