For Paris and Berlin, the victory of Ukraine has no existential significance, writes Liana Fix, author of a commentary published in the online edition of the weekly Der Spiegel. He draws attention to the division of Europe and the different reactions to Russian aggression from France and Germany, as well as Poland and the Baltic states. “Paris and Berlin must regain credibility with their eastern neighbors. The visit of Macron, Scholz and Draghi to kyiv was an important occasion for this. The absence of Poland, the most important country of Central and Eastern Europe in this delegation, is all the more incomprehensible, writes Fix.
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Feature: War in Ukraine
The Koerber Foundation expert draws attention to the division of Europeans between East and West, which “deepens with each month of war”.
“The new dividing line dividing the EU between east and west, and more precisely between Germany and France on the one hand, and Poland and the Baltic States on the other, does not concern the question of whether Russia pursues an imperialist policy, but is the result of different responses to this policy“ writes Fix, whose remarks are quoted by Deutsche Welle.
According to her, after Russia launched its invasion in February, reeling from the war, Eastern and Western EU countries “transmitted on the same wavelength” for a short period. However, he comments, when, thanks to the effective defense of the Ukrainians, “the danger of Russia reaching the border with Poland was averted, the Europeans returned to their old patterns of thought”.
Fix, writing about the different responses to the war in Ukraine, says Germany and France see different possible options for ending the war, including a ceasefire and peace negotiations. These countries, he explains, “do not see Ukraine’s victories as the most likely option”.
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And he underlines that for Poland and the Baltic States, the victory of Ukraine “is an existential necessity, because only in this way will Russia cease to be a threat to Europe”. “Their arguments for Ukraine’s victory are based on fear. Berlin responds with appeals for restraint and composure“- we read in the comment.
The commentator draws attention to the scale of military and humanitarian aid provided to Ukraine by Poles and Baltics, which contrasts with aid from Western European countries.
“Germany and France lead in absolute numbers, but taking GDP into account, they are behind Poland and the Baltics. For Paris and Berlin, the victory of Ukraine has no existential significance, they only want Kyiv not to lose” – the expert writes.
He also notices a “dangerous trend”, which is the deepening of divisions between Germany and France, and Poland and the Baltics. According to her, this tendency “leads to a weakening of the EU, because the Poles and the Baltics, recognizing Paris and Berlin as unreliable partners in matters of security, increasingly orient themselves towards London and Washington”.
“Macron thus destroys his own dream of European sovereignty“- assesses the expert and adds that the lack of unity in Europe is a mill for Russia.
Finally, Liana Fix underlines that “Paris and Berlin must regain credibility with their neighbors to the East, so that each phone call and each proposal to Moscow does not arouse their suspicions and does not deepen their division”.
“The visit of Macron, Scholz and Draghi to kyiv was an important occasion for this. The absence of Poland – the most important country in Central and Eastern Europe – from this delegation is all the more incomprehensible Correction of entries.
Deutsche Welle, “Der Spiegel”